MOLAP Multidimensional Online Analytical processing
In MOLAP data is stored in form of multidimensional cubes and not in relational databases.
Excellent query performance as the cubes have all calculations pre-generated during creation of the cube.
It can handle only a limited amount of data. Since all calculations have been pre-generated, the cube cannot be created from a large amount of data.
It requires huge investment as cube technology is proprietary and the knowledge base may not exist in the organization.
ROLAP Relational Online Analytical processing
The data is stored in relational databases.
It can handle a large amount of data and
It provides all the functionalities of the relational database.
It is slow.
The limitations of the SQL apply to the ROLAP too.
HOLAP Hybrid Online Analytical processing
HOLAP is a combination of the above two models. It combines the advantages in the following manner:
For summarized information it makes use of the cube.
For drill down operations, it uses ROLAP.